Definitions to the technical words and terms that are used on this website.

Although we have tried to explain the Telecommunications Dispute Resolution (TDR) service as simply as possible, there are still some technical words and terms that are used on this website.


The term used when a dispute goes to The Investigation & Resolution phase and is reviewed by an adjudicator. An adjudicator will make a final decision about the dispute, which is binding on the telecommunications company.


Adjudicators are professional, independent people who are skilled in advanced legal and statutory interpretation, analysis and reasoning. Adjudicators deliver fully reasoned written decisions, which are binding on TDR  Members.

Complaint Resolution Practitioner (CRP)

The Complaint Resolution Practitioner (CRP) is the independent person who works with the parties to resolve the dispute during the Investigation & Resolution phase. The CRP may use a range of different dispute resolution techniques (such as mediation, conciliation or adjudication). This person cannot be called a 'conciliator', 'mediator' or an 'adjudicator' as they may perform a range of roles in the same process.


The formal name for the person who acts as a mediator in a dispute, to help with the discussions between a customer and the telecommunications company.


When a complaint has been raised with a telecommunications company and has come to the end of the company's internal complaints procedure without being resolved, or when it's been six weeks or more since the customer contacted the company and the customer still doesn't have a resolution they are happy with, whichever comes first. A customer can only bring in their complaint to TDR once a situation has reached deadlock.

Dispute Summary

The written report of a dispute that details all of the negotiations between a customer and a telecommunications company.


The formal name for the people that customers deal with when they make a complaint to TDR.


The areas of dispute that TDR can look at. There are some areas of telecommunication service that TDR can't investigate, such as pricing, network coverage and 111 calls.

Scheme Agent

The company appointed by the NZ Telecommunications Forum to implement the TDR Scheme. FairWay Resolution is currently the Scheme Agent.

Telecommunications Service Provider

Any company that supplies customers with telecommunication services. This can include land line telephones, internet, mobile phones (both pre-pay and customers who have mobile phone accounts), data, the delivery of television content, etc.